Flora

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Alpine Squill
Scilla bifolia (s. str.)

The Alpine Squill is a so-called river corridor plant; its range is limited to river valleys at lower elevations.

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Amphibious Bistort
Persicaria amphibia

Amphibious Bistort – also called Water Smartweed, especially in North America – is a very versatile plant which

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Arrowhead
Sagittaria sagittifolia

Arrowhead is a plant of many forms and has adapted ideally to the ever-changing conditions found in wetlands

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Autumn Crocus
Colchicum autumnale

The Autumn Crocus, also known as Meadow Saffron, is one of the most poisonous plants in the Donau-Auen National Park.

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Bee Orchid
Ophrys apifera

The Bee Orchid is self-fertilizing, but it may be pollinated by insects (bees). In Lower Austria, the Bee Orchid is

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Black Poplar
Populus nigra

The Black Poplar is native to softwood riparian forests and lowland river valleys with gravel banks. It grows quickly

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Blackthorn
Prunus spinosa

The Blackthorn is a widespread deciduous shrub of medium size with dense, thorny branches. With its well-developed

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Branched Bur-reed
Sparganium erectum

The Branched Bur-reed gets its name from its globular spiky ("Bur"-like) flowerheads which are arranged on

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Burnt Orchid
Orchis ustulata

The Burnt Orchid has the smallest flowers of all native orchis species. Its flowerhead blossoms from the bottom to

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Common Bladderwort
Utricularia vulgaris

The genus Utricularia is among those carnivorous plants which prey on small aquatic organisms to cover their

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Common Frogbit
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

Common Frogbit is a free-floating aquatic plant with long hanging roots. New plantlets form at the end of its long

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Common Hornwort
Ceratophyllum demersum

Common Hornwort – sometimes called Rigid Hornwort – is a free-floating, submerged aquatic plant which is most often

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Common Nettle
Urtica dioica

In the Donau-Auen National Park, Common Nettle – also called Stinging Nettle – can grow in nearly impenetrable

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Common Reed
Phragmites australis

Reaching towering heights of up to 4m, Common Reed is the largest native grass species and it dominates reed

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Cornelian Cherry
Cornus mas

The Cornelian Cherry is a deciduous species native to Central and Southern Europe which thrives best in the

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Crack Willow
Salix fragilis

The Crack Willow is a medium-sized tree which is rare in the Donau-Auen National Park but found in the softwood

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Cypress Spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias

Cypress Spurge prefers dry and warm habitats. In the Donau-Auen National Park, the plant may be spotted along the

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Dogwood
Cornus sanguinea

The Dogwood is a deciduous, densely brachiate shrub which is easily identifiable, even in the winter, thanks to the

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Early Spider Orchid
Ophrys sphegodes

The Early Spider Orchid, Late Spider Orchid and Bee Orchid have certain similarities. However, the Early Spider

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European Birthwort
Aristolochia clematitis

European Birthwort prefers warmer, low-elevation climes. This plant is most remarkable for the way it is pollinated:

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Field Elm
Ulmus minor; syn.: Ulmus carpinifolia

The Field Elm may grow to heights of up to 35m. It normally has a regularly rounded crown and many branches. Its

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Green-winged Orchid
Anacamptis morio

The Green-winged Orchid is a member of the Orchidaceae family. It blooms early in the year – from April to June. Its

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Hop
Humulus lupulus

Hop is an ancient crop plant whose fruit is used to flavour beer. This liana uses its hairy, twisting stems to twine

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Lesser Celandine
Ranunculus ficaria

One vernacular name for this early-bloomer is "pilewort", named thus because the small fleshy roots of this

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Lily-of-the-Valley
Convallaria majalis

Lily-of-the-Valley is a toxic plant often found in thick colonies of Ramsons. When collecting Ramsons for

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Military Orchid
Orchis militaris

The Military Orchid gets its name from its flowers: the petals form a little helmet and the lower lip is lobed into

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Mistletoe
Viscum album

Mistletoe is a hemiparasitic evergreen plant which perches on the branches of deciduous trees, thus leeching water

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Purple Willow
Salix purpurea

The Purple Willow is a pioneer shrub colonizing recently-formed gravel islands and river banks in the wetlands of the

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